Masséna, André

   marshal of France
   Born in Nice, André Masséna was a cabin boy on a ship when he joined the French army in 1775, rising to the rank of general during the revolution of 1789. He distinguished himself during the campaigns in italy, notably at the battle of Rivoli (1797). napoléon i called him "the beloved child of Victory." General Masséna fought in the battle of Zurich against the Austrians and Russians (September 25, 1799) and helped to prevent an allied invasion of France. In 1800, immobilizing the Austrians near Genoa, he allowed Napoléon to enter italy and win the victory of Marengo. Made a marshal in 1804, Masséna conquered the kingdom of Naples (1806) and was made the duke of Rivoli (1808). He distinguished himself in the Battles of Essling and Wagram, and was made prince of Wagram by Napoléon (1810), who gave him the command of the army in Portugal (April 1810). But he was pushed back by the British line at Torres Vedras and had to retreat from the region (March 1811). In 1814, Marshal Masséna went over to the Bourbons. He left his Mémoires.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Massena, André — Massena, André, Herzog von Rivoli, Fürst von Eßling, Marschall des ersten franz. Kaiserreichs, geb. 6. Mai 1758 in Leven bei Nizza, gest. 4. April 1817, Sohn eines Weinhändlers, trat 1773 in die französische Armee ein, nahm aber 1789 als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Masséna, André, duc de Rivoli, prince d'Essling — ▪ French general born May 6, 1758, Nice, France died April 4, 1817, Paris  leading French general of the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.       Orphaned at an early age, Masséna enlisted in the Royal Italian regiment in the French service in… …   Universalium

  • Masséna, André, duke de Rivoli — later prince d Essling born May 6, 1758, Nice, France died April 4, 1817, Paris French general. Entering the military in 1775, he served in the Revolutionary government s army and rose to general in 1793. In campaigns against the Austrians in… …   Universalium

  • Masséna, André, duque de Rívoli — post. príncipe de Essling (6 may. 1758, Niza, Francia–4 abr. 1817, París). General francés. Ingresó al ejército en 1775, sirvió en el ejército del gobierno revolucionario y ascendió a general en 1793. En las campañas contra los austríacos en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • André Masséna — Massena redirects here. For other uses, see Massena (disambiguation). André Masséna André Masséna, Marshal of France …   Wikipedia

  • André Masséna — (it. Andrea Massena) nació en Niza, ciudad que por entonces formaba parte del Principado de Cerdeña. Era hijo de un pequeño comerciante local, Jules Masséna (Giulio Massena), y de su esposa Marguerite Fabré. Su padre realizaba numerosas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andre Massena — André Masséna André Masséna Naissance 6 mai 1758 Nice Décès 4 avril 1817 (à 58 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Masséna — (ital. Andrea Massena; der Name ist anagrammatisch aus seinem eigentlichen Namen Manasse gebildet), Marschall von Frankreich, Herzog von Rivoli und Fürst von Essling (* 6. Mai 1758 in Nizza; † 4. April 1817 in Paris) war ein fran …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masséna — André Masséna (Andrea Massena), Marschall von Frankreich, Herzog von Rivoli und Fürst von Essling (* 6. Mai 1758 in Nizza; † 4. April 1817) war ein französischer General. Masséna Leben Masséna, Sohn armer und früh gestorbener Eltern, verbrachte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MASSÉNA (A.) — MASSÉNA ANDRÉ (1758 1817) Fils d’un vigneron de Nice, successivement mousse, soldat et contrebandier, Masséna s’engage comme volontaire en 1791, bien qu’il soit, de par sa naissance niçoise, encore sujet du roi de Sardaigne; c’est à l’armée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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